1. How much water per person per day should your disaster supply kit have?
A. One gallon
B. One liter
C. Two gallons
D. Twelve ounces
The answer is A - one gallon per person per day for at least three days.
2. Which of the following is not a safe water source in the home?
A. Melted ice cubes
B. Water beds
C. Toilet tank
D. Hot water tank
The answer is B - water beds. Water from water beds should be avoided because pesticidal chemicals are in the plastic casing of the bed and chemicals have probably been added to the water to prevent the growth of algae, fungi, and bacteria. This water is only safe for hand-washing and laundering. The water from the toilet tank (not the bowl) is safe to drink unless chemical treatments have been added.
3. True or False: When you evacuate, you should leave your pets because they will be safer in your home with food and water than traveling.
The answer is False - the single most important thing you can do to protect your pets is to take them with you when you evacuate. Animals left behind in a disaster can easily be injured, lost or killed. Animals left inside your home can escape through storm damaged areas, such as broken windows. Animals turned loose to fend for themselves are likely to become victims of exposure, starvation, predators, contaminated food or water, or accidents. Leaving dogs tied or chained outside in a disaster is a death sentence.
4. If there is a chance that the water you drink might be contaminated, you should:
A. Drink it anyway
B. Add 16 drops of chlorine per gallon to disinfect it
C. Don’t drink it no matter what
The answer is B - Add 16 drops of chlorine per gallon to disinfect it.
5. What is the number one disaster-related killer in the United States?
The answer is A - flood.
6. Why is it important to have enough emergency supplies to last you 72 hours?
A. Most of the immediate effects of disasters will cede within this time
B. 72 hours should give you enough time to figure out how to evacuate on your own
C. Most families do not have the space to store more supplies than will last 72 hours
D. It often takes emergency personnel 72 hours to reach you in the case of a disaster
The answer is D - it often takes emergency personnel 72 hours to reach you in the case of a disaster.
7. Where is the worst place to be during a tornado?
B. In a basement
C. In a mobile home
D. In a vehicle
The answer is C - the majority of tornado deaths are mobile home fatalities. FEMA recommends that mobile home residents evacuate immediately and seek the lowest floor of a nearby building or shelter. If no buildings are available, lie flat in a ditch, covering your head with your hands. Do not seek shelter under a bridge or overpass or in a car, and watch for flying debris.
8. If your car breaks down during a snowstorm or extreme cold, what should you do?
A. Bundle up and go look for help
B. Raise your hood to attract attention, crack the window and warm the engine
C. Put your hazard lights on and avoid running the engine to preserve gas
D. Roll up all the windows, bundle up and turn the heat on as high as it will go
The answer is B - leaving your car during a storm can be dangerous, so only leave if you can see help. Otherwise, raise the hood to attract attention and run the car's engine for 10 minutes each hour to keep warm, making sure to clear the exhaust pipe of snow to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning. Conserve battery power by turning on the lights only when the engine is running.
9. True or False: To keep cool in excessive heat, you should drink very cold water.
The answer is False - drinking chilled water in excessive heat can lead to stomach cramps. Instead, drink room temperature water before you're thirsty, and steer clear of liquids that contain alcohol and large amounts of sugar. Sport drinks will keep you hydrated and replenish salt and minerals that you lose when you sweat.
10. In the event of an emergency, which agencies will accept your pets?
A. The Red Cross and the Humane Society of the United States
B. FEMA and The Humane Society of the United States
C. FEMA and The Red Cross
D. Your local animal shelter
The answer is A - although you can't take your pets with you to Red Cross shelters, the Red Cross and Humane Society will set up places where you can keep your pets. Make sure to pack an emergency kit for them similar to the one you've packed for yourself, including food, ID and any medications.
11. What are the signs of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning?
A. There are no symptoms
B. A rash and sore throat
C. Headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea and vomiting
D. Loss of appetite and constipation
The answer is C - accidental CO poisoning kills 500 people each year. If you are experiencing headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, chest pain and confusion, you should seek help immediately. Never use generators, grills, camp stoves or other gasoline or charcoal-burning devices inside your home or garage, and make sure to have at least one carbon monoxide detector in your home.
12. How many gallons of water will fit in the average bathtub?
The answer is B - a bathtub can hold 36 or more gallons of water, depending on its size.